Željko Joksimović represented Serbia & Montenegro in 2004 finishing second with the song Lane Moje. He returned in 2012 representing Serbia. In 2005 the boy band No Name represented Serbia & Montenegro Zauvijek moja, finishing seventh in the Grand Final.
Serbia & Montenegro was due to participate in the Eurovision Song Contest in 2006 but later withdrew from the competition. The country did however vote during the Grand Final.