Serbia & Montenegro entered the Eurovision Song Contest for the first time in 2004. In 2006 Serbia and Montenegro both became independent countries in their own right and entered the Eurovision Song Contest for the first time in 2007.
Željko Joksimović represented Serbia & Montenegro in 2004 finishing second with the song Lane Moje. He returned in 2012 representing Serbia. In 2005 the boy band No Name represented Serbia & Montenegro Zauvijek moja, finishing seventh in the Grand Final.
Serbia & Montenegro was due to participate in the Eurovision Song Contest in 2006 but later withdrew from the competition. The country did however vote during the Grand Final.